Despite the fact, Woodturning is continually gaining popularity most of the people involved are not interested in extending their creativity beyond what their wood lathe can enable them to make.
Main Types of Turning using a Lathe
The first method involves the use of the rear spindle and the headstock; a piece of wood is suspended between the two so that turning takes place longitudinally along the wood’s length. Called spindle tuning, this method is used to come up with long, ornate table legs or any other long woodturning project. Some people even use a tiny spindle lathe top create small turnings like ornate pens and bottle stoppers.
The second type of lathe wood turning does not entail the use of a rear spindle; a piece of wood is directly connected to the headstock attached to the motor Common projects created using this method are wooden bowls. The method enables the turning of both sides of the wooden bowl without detaching the piece from the headstock. While there are substantial differences between this method and the first (spindle turning), the primary idea is the same.
Bowl Turning Procedure
Use a freshly Cut Wood
Identify the piece of wood that you would like to turn into a bowl. For easier turning process use a freshly cut green wood because due to its high moisture content it cuts with a lot of ease. The turning process also becomes a lot simpler when you start with a rounded piece whose curved surface is equidistant from a central point. You can use a circular tool, a band saw or any other tool to create such a rounded blank.
Create a center point
After shaping the bank as such, use an awl to create a hole at its center, attach it to the wedge on the headstock and tighten it using the wedge’s wood screw. Your first objective should be to perfect the round shape; start by connecting the tailstock to the center on the opposite side of the headstock’s mounting point to increase stability.
Completing the round shape
As you rotate the piece using your hand, place the tool rest in such a way that it lies parallel to the two centers and approximately an eighth of an inch from the topmost point of the protruding section of the stock. Switch on the tool and let it run at a very low speed as you round the blank with the use of a roughing gouge. Continue rounding it until your piece is smooth and perfectly rounded to the right diameter.
Repositioning the tool
Withdraw the tailstock and adjust the tool rest to be parallel to the flat face of the blank (connected to the tailstock). Gradually turn on the lathe and start turning the external face using an appropriately shaped gouge. Continue turning until you attain your desired shape and smoothness.
Cut the recess
Cut a recess into the bottom of your workplace to cater for the bowl chunk created by the lathe machine. Instructions on the depth and diameter of the recess differ from one machine to another. So, follow the instructions on your bowl chuck. After eliminating the recess correctly, unfasten the material from the headstock, attach it to the bowl chuck and mount it to the headstock. Rotate (by hand) the blank to ensure it is freely spinning.
To gouge out the blank place the tool rest so that it is parallel to the blank’s face turn on the tool and let it rotate slowly. Use your both hands on the gouge and slowly make light cuts to hollow the center of your bowl. Use very steady cuts when removing center matter as you focus on creating a shape that matches the outer round bowl shape. Carefully and gradually carry out this procedure until you get your desired consistent wood thickness separating the inner and outer surfaces.
Next use a scraper or bowl gouge to create a consistent bowl edge The rim can be a rounded shape that slowly transitions from the outer to the inner sections of the bowl or a somewhat squared-off shape. Make extremely shallow cuts in this section because any mishap in the blank has the tendency to meddle with the edge of the cutting tool potentially gouging your piece.
After carrying out the above processes and getting your rough bowl shape sand it and apply your preferred finish.